Thyroid during Pregnancy: Is thyroid dangerous during pregnancy?

Thyroid during Pregnancy

Thyroid during Pregnancy can cause problems in your body and also to your unborn baby, if imbalance thyroid hormone untreated. The thyroid diseases hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are common in pregnancy.

Women who have this problem and treated properly, will go on to have a healthy pregnancies and babies.

In a human body Thyroid is a gland, which is located in your neck that produced a hormone. And this hormone is responsible for regulating your metabolism, heart, nervous system, weight, body temperature and controlling many of your body’s organs.

Thyroid during Pregnancy

You may require more medical attention to control your thyroid hormone during your pregnancy, especially in the 1st trimester, if you have pre-existing thyroid problems.

Basically in the 1st trimester during pregnancy, pregnancy may cause symptoms similar to hyperthyroidism. In your 1st trimester if you experience weight loss, palpitations and persistent vomiting, you should contact your physician. And you should follow the instructions of your doctor in your whole pregnancy to be healthy.

Because in pregnancy untreated thyroid diseases may lead to


Premature birth

Low birth weight

To monitor your thyroid problem during your pregnancy, you should talk to your doctor if you have this disease.

What is thyroid disease?

Thyroid disease is a disorder that affects the thyroid gland. Thyroid hormones regulate metabolism and it affect nearly every organ in the body. Imbalance of thyroid hormones are differentiate into 2 types, such as

Hyperthyroidism – When body produce too much thyroid hormone that is called hyperthyroidism and it can cause many of the body’s function to speed up.

Hypothyroidism – Too little thyroid hormone is called hypothyroidism and it can cause many of the body’s functions to slow down.

During pregnancy thyroid hormone, plays an important role both in the development of a healthy baby and in maintaining the health of the mother.

Women who have thyroid disease can have a healthy pregnancy and they can also protect their fetuses’ health by learning about pregnancy’s effect on the thyroid, keeping current on their thyroid function testing and taking the required medications.

Thyroid glands produce two types of’ hormones, T3 and T4 and these hormones are regulated by TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone), which is made by the pituitary gland.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism in pregnancy

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism include the following

Irregular heartbeat


Severe nausea or vomiting

Slight tremor

Trouble sleeping

Weight loss during pregnancy

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism include the following

Extreme tiredness

Weight gain


Difficulty concentrating or memory problems

Sensitivity to cold temperature

Muscle cramps


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Causes of Thyroid during pregnancy

One of the most common cause of maternal hyperthyroidism during pregnancy is the autoimmune disorder Grave’s disease. With this disorder body makes an antibody called thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) that causes the thyroid to make too much thyroid hormone.

And the most common cause of hypothyroidism is the autoimmune disorder, which is known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. This condition may lead to attacks the thyroid gland cells, which may cause for leaving the thyroid without enough cells and enzymes to make enough thyroid hormone.

Diagnosis of Thyroid during pregnancy

To measure the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroid hormones T4 and for hyperthyroidism T3, Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism during pregnancy are diagnosed by

Physicals exam


Blood tests

Diet and Nutrition for thyroid during pregnancy

During pregnancy, women body requires higher amounts of some nutrients to support the health of the mother and her growing baby in the womb. And expert recommend pregnant women to maintain a balanced diet and take a prenatal multivitamin and mineral supplement containing iodine to receive most nutrients necessary for thyroid health.


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Points to Remember for thyroid during pregnancy

  • Thyroid disease results when the thyroid gland produce more or less thyroid hormone than the body needs.
  • During pregnancy can lead to serious health problems in the mother and the unborn baby may occur for uncontrolled hyperthyroidism
  • During pregnancy, mild hyperthyroidism does not require treatment. More severe hyperthyroidism is treated with ant thyroid medications, which act by interfering with thyroid hormone production.
  • During pregnancy uncontrolled hypothyroidism can lead to serious health problems in the mother and can affect the unborn baby’s growth and brain development.
  • During pregnancy Hypothyroidism is treated with synthetic thyroid hormone, which is called thyroxine (T4).
  • Postpartum thyroids – it can cause by a brief period of hyperthyroidism and often followed by
  • hypothyroidism that usually goes away within a year. And sometimes the hypothyroidism is permanent.



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