Experts say that the best strategy is for individuals sexually transmitted disease (STD), is to educate themselves and then ask for tests based on their own sexual history and level of concern. Here we are giving some basic STD tests guidelines –
If you are sexually active
Tests of HIV for all sexually active adults and pregnant women are recommended by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Urine tests are available now for chlamydia and gonorrhea. Some doctors will recommend you for regular testing for both infections, but anyone can request for STD tests.
If you are under 24
According to the report of CDC there were more than 1.5 million chlamydia, nearly 400,000 of gonorrhea and nearly 24,000 cases of primary and secondary syphilis are reported. And these are the most infectious stages of the disease. The largest increase in cases reported from 2014 to 2015. Chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis are the three most commonly reported conditions in the nation and have reached a record high level.
Dr. Jonathan Mermin, director of CDC, said that – we have reached a decisive moment for the nation, we mustmobilize, rebuild and expand services otherwise human and economic burden will continue to grow.
He also added that Young people under 24, gay and bisexual men continue to face the greatest risk of STD and there continue to be troubling increases in syphilis among newborns. He also add that depending upon a person’s sexual behavior, STD tests might be as frequent as once every few months or two years in the case of a monogamous relationship.
If you are a man who has sex only with women
Most of the doctors don’t test heterosexual men for STD and HIV unless they have symptoms. Because women get more sever health problems from HPV and chlamydia.
But chlamydia can affect male fertility than you will need to urine tests for both chlamydia and gonorrhea. And depending on your sexual activity, infection rates in your community and level of concern, you may need to be tested for syphilis as well.
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If you are a man who has sex with men
Dr. Handsfield, who is a professor of medicine at the University of Washington and He is also a nationally recognized STD expert, said that – depending on the number of partners you have, you may need to consider screenings more than once year. And testing for HIV and syphilis is important in this group, because there are high rates of both infections among the men you like to have as your partner.
If you are a women (of any sexual preference)
Dr. Handsfield suggest that, women under 26 should have the HPV vaccination. And for HIV tests all women should get annual Pap smears to make sure there are no abnormalities in the cells of the cervix, possibly caused by HPV.
According to the 2015 data of CDC report
- American people ages 15 to 24 years old accounted for nearly two-thirds of chlamydia diagnoses and half of gonorrhea diagnoses.
- Men who have male sex partner accounted for the majority of new gonorrhea and P&S syphilis cases.
- Women’s rate of syphilis diagnosis increased by more than 27% from 2014 to 2015.
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